The creation of Prague is tied to a legend which says that Libuše, Czech duchess and prophetess, came out on a cliff high above the Vltava river and foretold: "I see a great city whose glory will touch the stars." Afterwards, she ordered the construction of the castle and the town on the site and called them Praha.
Since its foundation during the Romanesque era, the city of Prague kept developing and it flourished by the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras.
Standing as the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia the city was the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors as well as an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire.
As a former capital of Czechoslovakia, it also played an important role during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era.
All those events enabled Prague to remain as the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic.
A rich historical legacy can be found in each corner of this city.
This is best indicated by the fact that, in 1992, its historic centre was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. 
Apart from the  Old Town Square, monuments like Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, and localities like the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad have such high value and importance that the whole city of Prague should be on the UNESCO's list.
One more thing that should be on that list is definitely Czech Beer. Ever since the invention of Pilsner Urquell in 1842, the Czechs have been famous for producing some of the world's finest brews.
This modern and vibrant city, full of energy, music, cultural art and fine dining caters to the independent traveller's thirst for adventure.